China Aircraft
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Chinese aircraft models in 1/72 scale
PLAAF
Chinese aircraft are becoming more and more subjects of plastic model kits. This is also a large contribution of the Chinese kit brand TRUMPETER, who issued a lot of kits during recent years including those of chinese aircraft types. The Trumpeter kits are getting better and better. 

Many models are of the China aircraft industry. Called after the city in the North of China where traditionally aircraft were being built, the various manufacturing plants  like the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (China), Chengdu and Harbin started with copies of Soviet types like the Mikoyan MiG-15, (J-2), MiG-17 (J-5), MiG-19 (J-6), MiG-21 F13 (J-7) and Tupolev Tu-16 (Harbin H-5) during the Cold War and later also starting developing their own aircraft types with the Nachang Q-5 and Shenyang F-8. 

The Chinese air force, PLAAF is a large airforce with thousands of aircraft with off course fighters, bombers and transports as well as helicopters. Also a very large naval air arm (PLAN) is operated which not only has naval aircraft like the usual helicopters but also its own fighters, transports and the first aircraft carrier operated air wings. The Chinese army air corps (AAC) operates large fleets of helicopters.

0. Shenyang J-7  (on MiG-21 page...)

1. Shenyang F-8 II Finback

2. Chengdu J-10

3. Xian JH-7

4. Shenyang J-15

page 1
page 2  JH-7
page 3 J-15

1. Shenyang J-8 / F-8 II "finback"

Development started way back in 1964 of the J-8 which was a larger sort of MiG-21 / J-7 with a large nose intake and two engines! However there were many development problems and it did not meet requirements. Only about 100 first generation J-8 "Finback A" were manufactured until 1987.
In 1980 there was a big redesign with two intakes and large radar nose, this being the J-8 II. It got area ruling on the fuselage and was in fact a new design. A large new Type 208 radar was fitted in the nose. One 23 mm Type 23-3 twin-barrel cannon in an underfuselage pack was fitted immediately aft of nosewheel doors. Also pylons are fitted below the delta wing, capable of carrying various stores and fueltanks.
First flight was June 1984 and NATO calls it "Finback-B" with the J-8B being an all weather interceptor. Max speed is claimed to be about MACH 2.2 but this seems a bit a too high... 

The J-8D was an interceptor which be refuelled in the air and fire PL-8 air-to-air missiles and in a ground attack role low drag bombs. The latest version was the J-8F with bWp-13B engines, a new Type 1492 radar and it could fire the PL-12 (SD-10) active homing air-to-air missile. First flight of the J-8F was in 2000. The JZ-8F is a reconnaissance version. The J-8H/ J-8G is a modernized version of 2002 with unknown radar capable of firing PL-11 AAM missiles, laser bombs and YJ-91 anti-radar missiles.

It appears that in 1995 some 100 "Finbacks" were operational and in 2010 still some 300 modern J-8 are active in the PLAAF. It is also operated by the Chinese naval aviation (PLAN). 


References: website of Janes

A couple of drawings were discovered:


Dimensions of the real plane are a length of  21.59 m and wing Span of  9.34 m. 


...
The Trumpeter 1/72 kit #01610 has about 120 parts which are crisp and with fine recessed panellines. It represents the F-8 II type. Decals are provided for Chinese planes with options for several Red nose numbers. Instructions are clear but with some "vague" colours, the overall plane being white but with a nice colour scheme print.

At 1/72 Scale the length is 295mm and wingspan 130mm, and the Trumpeter kit matches with these figures.

Accuracy seems OK, which indicates Trumpeter had access to a real plane. Detailling is as can be expected for a kit at this scale but is not exceptional but with good undercarriage, panels and exhaust pipes which are of enough depth. You may add some extra details in the cockpit area. Stores are fuel tanks and chinese type PL-8 ? missiles, indicating this to be a model of the J-8D. The plane is rather "clean". 

The kit was made straight out of the box. Only limited amounts of putty filler were needed, but nothing uncommon for the average modeller.


    

assembly

Colours
It seems early Chinese operated F-8 II Finback-B are overall white.

Overall, this is a model of a unusual subject. 

The overall model was assembled, sprayed light grey to check voor any surface imperfections. After some minor correction with putty, it was given a mat white and than gloss white coat with the Badger 150 airbrush. The exhaust area was given a coat of metallic. The nose, fin leading edge and gear wheel hubs were painted green. The nose wheel leg has some blue areas. 

Decals are very nice, although I feel a bit oversize, especially the special markings. Application of the decals went OK. Cockpit hood was set open and the model was ready.

Shenyang F-8
   

   
.
  
 

F-8

up

up

A nice straight out the box model in the 1/72 collection




2. Chengdu J-10 "New generation fighter"

The Chinese Chengdu J-10 (FC-20) is a modern mlti-role fighter which as similar design features as the latest Western types like the Typhoon. It has canard, delta like wing and central rectangular intake. Development started back in 1980 at the Chengdu aircraft industry corporation and there seem to have been assistance from Israel incorporating "Lavi" experience in the design. The assistance did not last long quickly and the project had numerous problems resulting in several "redesigns". The project also was to use Western avionics but due to the Tianammen 1989 incident this was blocked. Russian systems were later on incorporated including the AL-31F jet engine delivered from Russia (and not licensed). 

First prototype flew in 1996 with a first production aircraft delivered in 2002 and it was still secret aircraft. 

The J-10A single seat fighter is thought to have a very good maneuverability and also speeds around Mach 2 at altitude and a max weight of around 18,500 kg. It has 11 external pylons to carry stores. The type entered service at the end of 2005 with the PLAAF.

The J-10S is a dual trainer and the J-10B is an improved version with a simpler intake ramp and better radar cross signature. It also has an optical targeting system, visible in a bulge forward of the windscreen. 

It appears that in 2010 some 120 J-10 aircraft were delivered. 


J-10 instrument panels


real airplane


In 1/72 scale the Chengdu J-10A is available from Trumpeter #01611 and has about 100 parts and markings for two planes with different serials and colour schemes, which are believed to be prototypes. The dimensions and scale accuracy could not be verified before making this model. 

Parts have fine recessed panels and look OK.  Cockpit interior is simple so cries for some extra details. You also get some parts for the PL-8 AAM and PL-10 AAM missiles and fueltanks.

The model itself looks quite good and assembly was straight forward. However I added a tunnel / intake so removed the vertical walls in the intakes (in parts A1 / B22). In the middle of the intake, a triangular piece of card was added to suggest  2 intake tunnels. 

During assembly, some filler was needed and take care to get the wing-fuselage joint well aligned. 

Colours indications are vague, I made the plane with several grey shades. Used were enamel paints  Humbrol 147 for H57.73 (about FS 36495) and Humbrol 127 for H308/308 (about FS 36375). The missiles seem to be white and the radar nose black. The lower scheme shown by Trumpeter on instructions' page 8 seems OK. The undercarriage legs were painted white. A Badger model 150 airbrush was used to apply the paint. 

The model was not weathered as pictures suggest it is still in development and well maintained. The cockpit was a bit detailed and the canopy got some lines internally to suggest demisting ducts. A varnish coat of Johnson Future was applied to give it a gloss undercoat and than the few decals went on fine, smaller stencils are not provided. After decalling, a semi-mat varnish was airbrushed. 


  

J-10

J-10   

   


   

Chengdu J-10A "1013" of the CAC/ 3rd test flight regiment .
Overall, a nice modern Chinese airplane in the 1/72 model collection.

    
On to next China aircraft [ Page 2.... ]
 
References:

books:

- China Today: Aviation industry, China aviation industry press, 1989 (english version);

- Chinese Air Power, Yefim Gordon and Dmitriy Komissarov, Midland publ., 2010;

- The Chinese Air Force, Evolving concepts, roles and capabilities, Editors Hallion, Cliff and Saunders, Institute for national strategic studies, Washington, 2012; 

web:

   
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Created June 22, 2007 ;
Last update December 6, 2018