1/72 scale model kits of De Havilland Vampire
review / modelling report
The De Havilland company in the United Kingdom designed during the Second World War a jet fighter and it was the time that development with this new type of propulsion began. The design from Air Ministry specification E6/41 incorporated a twin boom tail with a small thick fuselage that contained the jet engine. The wing was unswept and some structure was made of wood. Known as Vampire DH.100, it was a single seat aircraft with initially a Halford H.1 turbojet engine (that later evolved into the Goblin engine). First flight was amidst the Second World War in September 1943.
The Royal Air Force ordered the type but the first squadron with aircraft really became operational not earlier than 1946 with the Mk.1. It had curved wing tips and bit more squared vertical tail fins. The canopy had a central sliding hood. Later Mk.1 produced Vampires had a Goblin 2, modified top and pressurized cockpit. Maximum speed was about 550 mph (885 km/hr) and it could carry 4 x 20mm cannons and a variety of (unguided) rockets. The F Mk.1 was used by the RAF but also by Sweden als J-28A and Switzerland.
The F.2 was a Mk.1 with the more powerful Nene engine (this was the same engine that the Soviet Union was allowed to built in license and that powered the MiG-15 !). The Nene required extra air and initially a pair of extra elephant ear intakes were fitted first at the fuselage top; but after accidents aircraft were modified with intakes now fitted in the lower fuselage.
The Mk.lll / F Mk.3 Goblin 2 powered Vampire fighter got increased tank capacity, the possibility to carry additional tanks and modified more rounded tail fins. The horizontal stabilizer was also slightly different and set in a lower position.
The FB Mk.5 was the fighter-bomber version especially envisaged for ground attack and had the possibility to drop about 1000 kilograms of bombs and rockets and could carry under wing tanks. It still had the Goblin 2 but got reinforced wings with a smaller span with 2x1 ft clipped wing tips. As it was heavier it got a modified stronger undercarriage.
Some 20 Vampires FB.5 were fitted with an arrestor hook, enlarged flaps, brakes and reenforced structure and were delivered to the Fleet Air Arm as "Sea Vampire".
The FB.6 was a modified FB.5 that got a Goblin 3 jet engine and its export version was the FB.52. (with Fiat in Italy bmanufacturing the FB.52A).
The FB.9 had a Goblin 2 and was to be used for operations in warm environments and thus had better cooling for the pilot and a modified starboard intake vane to get more air. The RAF Auxiliary squadrons also used this version.
FB.30 and FB.31 were fitted with more powerful Nene engines with auxiliary extra intakes and built in Australia for the RAAF.
FB.53 had the Nene 102B engine.
Two seater versions developed included the DH.115 or T.11 and subversions like T.55, T.33/ 34 / 35.
(The Vampire evolved also to the quite different advanced DH.112 Venom ground-attack and night fighter also for use from aircraft carriers).
France had also flown the FB.5 from 1949 onwards. Sud-Est developed the Mistral, a Vampire fitted with Nene engine, larger air intakes and different top fuselage shape without the auxiliary extra intakes that RAF Nene Vampires had. This French type was called the Mistral and the first aircraft designated SE.532 did not have ejection seats. The SE.535 got French ejection seats (and many seats retrofitted to the SE.532).
The RAF operated the Vampire in the Cold War as a front-line fighter until 1953. Later on many aircraft got secondary roles such as training and ground attack. The Vampire was also exported to many countries all over the World. Almost 3,300 Vampires were manufactured (many also by English Electric company) with an additional approx. 1.000 built under licence by Macchi-FIAT in Italy, in Australia and the "Mistral" by Sud-Est in France.
Vampires flew in various conflicts like the first Arab–Israeli War, the Malayan Campaign and the Rhodesian Bush War.
A whole series of Vampire models will be made and presented on these webpages.
The Vampire as a 1/72 model was released by several kit manufacturers. One of the first 1/72 models was from FROG from 1971, which kit I do not further know.
A better kit of a Vampire FB.5 was made by HELLER in 1979 (also released in a Revell package from 1991 and by many other brands but often more or less copies of the Heller kit).
Now some more detailed kits are available by MPM used the Special Hobby and Azur brands and also in a Revell release (to be made all as well).
Amodel had though short run a kit and CMR a kit in resin. But the Heller kit is quite nice and cheap.
Of a two seater Vampire T.11, Airfix
released a very nice 1/72 kit in 2012 (also to be made).
The Vampire FB.5 kit (no.283 but also released in various boxes with different decals) has about 40 parts. Wing tips are clipped and dimensions and shapes look OK.
Parts layout is seen here:
The built is quite straight forward! Only some putty was needed as the tail boom joints and the lower nose canon section. Some white glue was used on the windscreen to close the gap.
The kit 03993 released in 2011 has
nice decals for
|Many of the Vampire made decals came from
a very old dated 1975 ESCI decal set #93.
I had to apply several layers of Microscale Liquid Decal Film as the decals
after so many years would otherwise "dis-integrate". But there are a lot
of different air force insignia on this otherwise nice sheet.
The first Vampire model released by Heller was made as a Rhodesian Air Force aircraft as used during the "bush war".
The model got a high speed silver
paint finish. Note that the Vampires were NOT natural metal coloured, many
sections were wood and primed. It got a silver dope.
Overall a gloss transparant coat was airbrushed onto the model of Johnson Future/Pledge varnish. Anti-collision lights also on the wing tips were painted and canopy installed, fixed in place with tiny drops of white glue. That completed the tiny model.
part of the British Commonwealth and an air unit was established in 1935.
The British war effort was supported during the Second World War and local
aircraft were types like the Hawker Hart and Audax. After the war, the Southern Rhodesia
Air Force used a variety of aircraft like the Spitfire. In 1953 an order
was placed for the first jets: sixteen Vampire FB.9 (no. SR100 to SR115
and later on RRAF 100 to RRAF 115) and sixteen Vampire T11 trainers (no.SR116-SR131
and later RRAF 116 to RRAF 131). The main base was New Sarum near Salisbury.
Meanwhile in the late 1950s, Canberra
as well as Provost trainers and C-47 Dakota transports were delivered.
The fighter role of the Vampire was taken over by some 25 Hawker
delivered in 1963 along with a T7 trainer. For the attack role the
Vampires remained in service
and they got a camouflage scheme and the first local guerilla fights
fought at the borders.
Royal Rhodesian Air Force / no.2 Fighter Squadron / Vampire FB.9 with no. RRAF 114
Another Revell released Vampire 1/72 kit was made.
This model was finished again in the silverdope scheme as described for a Rhodesian used Vampire, but now a FB.mk 52 of the Lebanese Air Force. As before, decals came from the ESCI set.
I did not manage to put enough weight in the nose... so a small rod below the aft fuselage was needed to keep it nose down...
[ Lebanese single
seat Vampire registration numbers were L152, L153, L155- L158, L161-L167
For this model a more "dull" well used aircraft was represented. This was achieved by airbrushing a semi-gloss varnish top coat by mixing into the Johnson Future/ Pledge 5% of Tamiya X-21 Flat base matting agent.
.... .... ..........
military aviation started with the Air Academy in 1920 with some French
Caudron aircraft and Breguet aircraft. In the 1930's a first base was established
at Boca del Rio and aircraft purchased from France, England and the United
States. Venezuela had large oil fields and its oil was important in the
Second World War.
(for later aircraft, look here such as the T-2 Buckeye...)
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Back to 1/72 Models.......
- DH Vampire, The complete history, David Watkins, Budding books, 1996
- Profile publications no.48, Francis Mason, U.K , 1965
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Created this page
January 11, 2017