1/72 scale kits of the Dassault Ouragan
review / modelling report
The Dassault M.D.450 Ouragan (French: Hurricane) was the first French-designed jet fighter-bomber to enter production after the Second World War. Design work started in 1947 by the designer Marcel Dassault and the French Air Force supported this with an order for prototypes. The first Ouragan prototype got a Rolls Royce Nene engine and flew February 1949 and some changes were made. Within a few years more than 300 aircraft were ordered for the Armee de l' Air, entering serice in 1952 as MD 450A with a Nene 102 engine. The MD 450B got the Nene 104 with more jet thrust. To enlarge the range, wing tip tanks were fitted which were common to other jet aircraft of that time. Jet engines were very thirsty at that time!
The Ouragan was operated by France Armee de'l 'Air, including the Patrouille de France aerobatic team. In France replacement began beginning sixties with the Mystere as technology progress went fast.
Israel used the type. The Israeli's used it in both the Suez Crisis and
the Six-Day War for close support. They were not used as fighters against
the more manoeuvrable MiG-15's. Later on, some 18 ex- IAF refurbished aircraft
were sold to El Salvador in 1973-1978.
|In 1/72 scale, in I believe 1981
ago Heller issued a MD 450 kit #201. I bought it more than 25 years
ago and it had light brown plastic with raised panel lines. It had decals
for IAF white "29" with a camouflage scheme and and Armee de l 'Air
Ouragan of EC 01/12 Cambrai, 1954. (the kit has appeared in various boxes
during the years).
A nice IAF model is now in the collection.
Under the British Mandate (1920–1948), the whole region was known as 'Palestine'. Upon the declared independence in 1948, the country formally adopted the name 'State of Israel'. May 1948 a war emerged with the Arab neighbours after the declaration of independence. Smuggled armed aircraft were used because of an arms embargo like Spifires, Mosquitos and others like Dragon and Rapide and Czech S-199 (me-109). For the air force "Heyl Ha' Avir" the Meteor jet arrived in 1953 and jets from France like Dassault Ouragan followed by Mystere in 1955. During the 1956 Sinai campaign, the whole Sinai desert up to the Suez Canal was occupied. Fouga Magister jets arrived and from 1963 til 1966 some 72 Mirage III CJ which played an important role in the 1967 Six Days war that also saw the occupation of the Golan Heights and West Bank. A new arms embargo was raised, including one from the regular supplier France. Support from the USA was sought and over 200 A-4 Skyhawks and over 200 F-4E Phantoms were delivered. Transports were DC-3, C-97, C-130 and B707. Helicopters were types like the Frelon, Alouettes and Bells.
The Israeli Aircraft Industry (IAI) started to develop jets in secrecy. The Kfir was based on a copy of the Mirage III and the Nesher based on the Mirage V. The Yom Kuppur War on October 1973 a new big war emerged but Israel was capable of to hold. The IAI Kfir made its first flight in 1973 and from 1976 came into service with over 200 deliveries and some 50 Neshers. The Israel air force grew and grew and was modernized with new jets like from end 1976 the F-15I and F-16. The Lockheed F-35I is now being introduced.
Many years later in 2011, a very detailed Ouragan kit was issued by VALOM in 1/72 scale (kit #72060 for IAF and French Af model). It has very fine recessed surface details like panel lines and fine rivets and about 80 parts. There is a nice detail etched metal fret in this kit as well and a few resin parts like the seat.
The Valom instructions for the colours are very good with several paint brands listed like Humbrol and Gunze Sangyo.
Decals are in this kit for 2 markings:
The decals are fine of this kit but
the "blue is too bright and so inaccurate as compared to old ones seen
at the right of a MODELDECAL roundels sheet seen below.
The problem a bit here is that this
Valom kit is "short run" and turned out to require quite some dry fitting,
sanding and putty. It is detailed but requires some some skils to get a
The model was made in a French Armee
de l'Air metal finish with the tip tanks and kit decals. (There are also
an other wing tip parts when the tanks are not fitted found on the sprues).
ALCLAD II Gloss aluminium ALC-105 was to be used as main finish and this means absolute scratch free surfaces are needed. So polishing was done and after that the model got a base black undercoat, followed by a couple of Johnson Future/Pledge gloss coats. These are the undercoats for the ALCLAD II finish on top.
I replaced the kit's rudder
decals with some decals from the spares box to get the "correct blue".
The roundels were retrieved of the better MODELDECALS roundel sheet.
After decalling, the details were
added like the undercarriage as per instructions. Note the etched metal
anti-torque brace. The legs have a metal colour. The lower aft air brakes
were set "open", closed they have a bad fit.
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Created this page
December 3, 2014