McDonnell F-101 "Voodoo"
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1/72 scale kits of the McDonnel F-101 Voodoo
kit review / Building report

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The F-101 Voodoo was originally designed to be an escort fighter for the USAF bombers of the long range Strategic Air Command during the Cold War. McDonnell aircraft company developed the type and the first XF-88 prototype flew in 1948. Production versions got better Pratt & Whitney J57 engines and the initial Voodoos, now known as type F-101, were built as single seater and had four 20mm cannons, two engines and a large fuel load. The Voodoo served mainly with the USAF and Canadian Air Force, but some aircraft were also used by Taiwan in the Cold War.

The first F-101A Voodoo was delivered on May 1957 to the USAF. It could fly Mach 1.5 and had a long range of about 4500 km. The MA-7 fire-control radar was fitted but bombs could be dropped. It had four 20mm M39 cannons, but often one cannon was often removed in service. About 77 F-101As were built. Twenty-nine planes F-101A’s were modified to RF-101G with a new camera nose with the radar and canons removed. 

The RF-101A reconnaissance version was based on the F-101A but had six cameras in a reshaped nose. Delivery started in 1957.  Eight RF-101As were delivered to Taiwan. China shot down two planes during illegal overland flights. Two were reportedly shot down.

The F-101C was an improved –A with extra fuel. Delivery started in 1957 with 47 built. Later, 32 planes were modified to a unarmed reconnaissance version, called RF-101H. The Air National Guard used them until 1972. 

Also, the version RF-101C was developed, with again six camera’s and additional strength build in. Service entry was in 1958. It could also be used for bombing and was deployed to Vietnam in 1967. It could fly at high speeds. About 166 planes were built and after the Vietnam war the type also served with the USAF until 1979. 


When it was seen that the need was not really there for bomber escort, the type was fitted for the interceptor mission with a large two seat tandem cockpit and other systems. The initial version was the F-101B interceptor that became available in 1959. Missile armament was seen as required with another crew member to lead interception and the canons were removed. Four Falcon missiles could be carried, either infrared guided (AIM-4B) or radar guided (AIM-4A). It could also be equipped with nuclear tipped Genie missiles to destroy whole Soviet bomber formations. Systems were a very powerful MG-13 radar and communication systems for the SAGE concept where long range ground radar operators guided the aircraft towards its target. More powerful J57-P55 engines with longer afterburners were fitted enable it to fly up to MACH 1.8. 

From 1961 to 1966, the F-101B fleet an InfraRed tracking SysTem (IRST) sensor was fitted in front of the cockpit. The in-flight refuelling system was removed. Almost 540 F-101B’s were manufactured until 1961 with 56 planes delivered to Canada and the remainder to the USAF Air Defense Command starting in 1959. 

Some F-101B were used for dual training, as TF-101B, later renamed F-101F. Almost 230 aircraft were used for training including some modified F-101B’s. Canada got ten training planes, called CF-101D

A single CF-101B was used in Canada as training radar target, called EF-101B. 

The F-101B interceptor used only above the North American Continent for interception in the overall US NORAD command chain during the Cold War. Aircraft were later also used by the ANG until 1982. 

 


Several 1/72 kits of the F-101 Voodoo were issued by particularly Revell, Hasegawa and Matchbox. (in 2011, Hobbymaster issued a RF-101B kit). Aftermarket sets are available, like for the seats those of Pavla, Aeroclub and True Details. And off course many decalsheets.
MATCHBOX F-101B Two seater
This kit (kit no. PK-411) was issued in 1980 as a F-101B Voodoo two seater version. A nose part is included to make a RF-101B as well. The kit is rather basic and nowadays the Revell/Monogram F-101B kit is much better.

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The plastic parts are in three colours as was usual with older Matchbox kits. There is almost no panel detail and overall details are scarce. Some work can be done with scratch add-ons.

Decals are simple but for:

  • Grey F-101B Happy Hooligans of the 178 FIS, North Dakota ANG
  • Natural metal F-101B 409 Squadron , Canada
  • Camouflaged RF-101B from the 192 TRS, Nevada ANG

Two of these older kits were found in the collection of Marcel, a good friend of mine, and it was decided to complete these models: 
(1) a natural metal finish CF-101B of Canada
(2) a camouflaged RF-101B USAF

For the CF-101B model it was decided to add some extra detail. An avionics bay was set open. The nose bay side was cut out and a new hatch made from thin plastic card set open. Details were added from scratch. The InfraRedSeaker IRST fairing on the nose needs a bit filling. 

For the camouflaged USAF RF-101B recon Voodoo, the kit nose part #12 was used. A camera window was cut out and the gap filled after painting with transparant Micro Kristal Kleer

The rest of the kit assembly is easy but sanding and filling is required. 

Both model cockpit got some extra details from bits and pieces. The base interior got painted about FS36375 grey. The kit seats are very basic and a joke. They need replacement and new seats will come from True Details set 45003 . Seat head rests are painted red, basic seat grey with straps added made from tape. Instrument decals came from the spare decal box.

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The aileron gaps on this kit are a bit wide, so these were filled and inscribed. Also some other panellines were inscribed with an Olfa P-cutter. 

The two engine afterburner pipes have a bad seam. I cut off the base plate so they can be turned 90 degrees and set on the models. This will hide the seam viewing from the side. 

The nose gear bay could be made a bit deeper. The main gear wells were boxed in with plastic card and white glue.

All kits got a grey base coat. Corrections with putty and sanding were made as needed. Next, the colour schemes were airbrushed with the Harder Steinbeck airbrush
 

(1) For the Canadian F-101B a natural metal finish was achieved using plain Revell Aqua color Silver "90" as a base coat. When dry, some light mists of ALCLAD II Aluminium were airbrushed. It is an overall natural metal finish. 

The rear of the fuselage was masked an sprayed in another metallic paint. The afterburners were sprayed separately in a darker colour. 

The markings are for a 409 squadron Canadian Voodoo with bi-lingual titles "Canadian Armed Forces / Forces Armees Canadiennes ". These titles and their styles varied somewhat during the years. In the Revell kit they read only "Canada", so variations are possible when making more kits. 
 

(2) For the reconnaissance RF-101B a typical Vietnam camouflage was applied. Mr.Hobby Gunze Sangyo acrylics were used, starting with the lighter lower FS36622 “off white/grey”:
FS36622  lower surfaces: H311
FS34102 green: H303 
FS30219 brown: H310 
I used for FS3079 Tamiya XF51 khaki drab. 

A piece of carton board was used while airbrushing free hand to prevent too much overspray. 

The rear of the fuselage was masked and a metallic paint airbrushed on. The afterburners were sprayed separately in a darker colour. Do not forget to spray any fuel tanks, gear doors etc in the process. 

The models got a gloss coat of Johnson Future/Pledge for better decal adhision using this method...

Time for decalling. On each model, a mix of kit decals will be used but also stencilling from MicroScale / SuperScale set no. 72-304, a mixed ANG aircraft set, were used. (I did not use the nice F-101 "Texans" squadron decals here). 

Decalling in progress....

Next came weathering, limited on the models with some wash in the inscribed panels and on the landing gear. A protective clear coat was finally applied of Johnson Future/Pledge. The camouflaged Voodoo got a coat of Johnson Future/Pledge as well but this was made “semi matt” with a few drops of TAMIYA acrylic Flat Base X21 mixed in.

The rest of the assembly with the gears and tanks. The anti-collision lights were painted with small notches cut out and filled with Kristal  Kleer. Small pitot tubes were made from a metal rod and set on the nose.

The canopies frames got very thin yellow decal striping. Inside the canopy, a cross bar was made. The canopies were set open using a pice of rod. On the CF-101B the rear air brakes were also set open. 

That completed after many years these two old Matchbox models.



CANADA CF-101B of 409 squadron

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USAF RF-101B  of 192 TRS Nevada ANG

 Note the low visibility lights also on this aircraft
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On to F-101 Voodoo page 2...... (with the older models...)


Back to 1/72 Models.......

References:
- Air international, Volume 29. pages 77-80 
- F-101 Detail & Scale, Volume 21, Bert Kinzey 
- F-101 Voodoo - Modern Military Aircraft series (5002), Squadron Signal :

 - Wings of fame , Volume 1, pages 166-187, Aerospace publishing, UK, 1995
 - The Century Series: The USAF Quest for Air Supremacy,1950-1960,  Schiffer publications 
-  McDonnell F-101 Voodoo (Osprey Air Combat), Robert Dorr

Internet:
http://www.fisrg.com/F101info.html
http://www.fisrg.com/101Bpix.html (60 FIS USAF)
 


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Created this page
July 15, 2012