Modelling reports by Meindert de Vreeze
directly to 1/32 kits...
out my 1/72 scale F-16 kits as well...
The first YF-16
flew 30 years ago in January 1974 and since that time the F-16 has appeared
in many sub-variants. I will not go into too much detail on the history
and technical details, on the internet many sources can be found .
For the F-16
the Block number is the main indicator of the type of the F-16 airframe,
as several distinct variants of the aircraft are covered by the same model
suffix letter. For example, while the Block 32 and Block 50 are vastly
different subtypes, both are F-16Cs. Early F-16As were produced to Block
1, 5 and 10 and 15 standards. Various modification standards within the
same block numbers are identified by an added letter e.g for example
Block 15A, 15B etc.
The F-16A (single
seater ) /B (twoseater) appeared first as the blocks 1, 5, 10 and 20.
with the Block 1 and Block 5 F-16s built between mid-1978 and 1981. Most
of these were later upgraded as Block 10. The first F-16 subtypes were
equipped with the Pratt and Whitney F100 engine, original small intake
and had small horizontal stabilizers.
Block 15 introduced
two new hardpoints under the inlet chin and larger stabilizers with around
30% more area; this was done by extending the trailing edge. These were
provided to improve directional stability while carrying loads on the new
hardpoints. Provision was also made for AIM-7 Sparrow air-to-air missiles
NATO countries ordered the type early on like The Netherlands and
Belgium, Norway, Danmark (many made under license by Fokker in The Netherlands).
15 aircraft later received an Operational Capability Upgrade (OCU), adding
a data transfer cartridge, a radar altimeter and various radar enhancements.
Systems also enabled the usage of the AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground (AGM)
missile, AGM-119 Penguin anti-shipping-missile (ASM for Norway) and AIM-120
Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM). The first Block 15 OCU
built as such was delivered in January 1988. Blocks 15 built from 1988
were powered by the F100-PW-220 and had a larger head-up display (HUD)
in addition to the OCU modifications. The US Air National Guard started
to use in 1980 the Block 15 for Air Defense. It was called the ADF version,
with the AN/APG-66A radar. It also had new internal systems and externally
a spot illumination light mounted on the port side of the forward fuselage
had a short career but Italy leased (under PEACE CEASAR) to cope with Eurofighter
program delays some 34 aircraft as a intermediate period from 2007 - 2012
form the USA.
(Some F-16 used
by particular air forces had also a illumination light on the nose, below
the RHAWS fairing; for the Norwegean it is on the left side, for the Greece
F-16C's on the right side).
also had their own ECM system, the Rapport III with not a parachute in
the tail fairing but the ECM box. Later, it was replaced by the Carapace
system as Rapport did not function.
Block 20 was
for Taiwan under the PEACE Fenghuang programme, with the AN/APG-66(v) 2
radar and locally sourced IFF and other equipment. The aircraft were "similar"
to the initial European Mid Life Update (MLU) configuration, which Lockheed
Martin also refers to as Block 20.
The Block 25
F-16 type came in 1984 and was referred to as F-16C/D (C for single seater,
D for two seater) and delivered to the USAF. Capable of using the AIM-120
AMRAAM with mainly a new AN/APG-68 radar with increased range and better
resolution. The cockpit received two head-down multi-function displays,
new up-front controls, a larger HUD, data transfer unit, radar altimeter
and jam resistant UHF radio. Space was created by also a thicker vertical
tail base. Powered initially by the Pratt and Whitney F100-PW-200,
this was later generally substituted for the -220E version.
Block 30 came
around 1987 and introduced a new engine to the F-16: the General Electric
F110-GE-100 that required more air so a larger intake "Big Mouth")
was fitted to cope with a larger air mass to provide its full thrust at
lower altitudes. The throttle on the left console is also slightly different
than on previous versions. Also because of the larger overall weight, thicker
wider wheels were used and that required bulged main wheel doors
with a slight bump. The thicker vertical tail base got some additional
vents: one on each side at the kink and one midway on top of the base leading
edge aft of the larger antenna. And a vent-intake on the right side below
the rear cockpit glass. Often, also two additional chaff flare dispensers
were fitted on the left lower fuselage fairing aft of the wing trailing
edge. These were extra as to the two already in place.
modifications were also often done with two extra metal stiffener plates
on each side of the tail base next to the antenna and two wing strengthening
plates at the upper wing roots.
TF-16Ns built for the US Navy were derivatives of the F-16C/D Block 30
type. They were used as dissimilar air combat trainers, and though simplified
aircraft have a beefed up structure and no cannon. F-16N's were operated
between 1987 and 1994.
Block 32 retained
the Pratt and Whitney F100 engine with what became termed as the "normal
shock inlet" (the standard older intake) for the Pratt and Whitney F100-PW-220.
(The USAF Thunderbirds also used that Block for the demonstration team
but without armament such as the gun and with a fuel smoke pipe below the
exhaust). Externally, some vents and chaff flare dispensers were standard
as well as the few strengthening plates as introduced on the Block
30 (see above).
aircraft could use a wider range of weapons, like the AGM-45 Shrike and
AGM-88 High Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM). Self defence was improved
from the introduction of the Block 30D by doubling the number of chaff/flare
F-16's before and up to block 30 have at the slat at the inboard position
only "2" slat rotating fingers. Later block beyond block 30 F-16 have there
The Block 40/42
F-16s were also officially designated as either F-16C for single-seaters,
or as F-16D for two-seaters. A proposal to redesignate US Air Force examples
as F-16G and H's was rejected, but led to the adoption of the informal
F-16CG and F-16DG. The F-16CG/DG Block 40 has the General Electric F110
engine with the original intake but the Block 42 has the Pratt and Whitney
F100 engine with the larger intake. It was proposed that the Block 50/52
would become the F-16J and F-16K (two-seater), resulting in the commonly
used F-16CJ and F-16DJ description for those versions.
aircraft appeared 1988 and were night capable planes. Fitted with LANTIRN
(Low Altitude, Navigation and Targeting, Infra-Red for Night) pods, consisting
of the AN/AAQ-13 with a FLIR (forward looking infrared) and terrain following
radar for navigation and AN/AAQ-14 with infra-red imager and laser rangefinder
for targeting. Pods were mounted under the starboard and port chin hardpoints
respectively. The undercarriage was also strengthened and extended to provide
adequate clearance for the pods and the carriage of extensive air-to-ground
munitions, including the Raytheon Paveway laser-guided family.
also been substantially been improved. In the cockpit a larger GEC-Marconi
wide-angle, holographic HUD portrayed data provided by the LANTIRN system
in addition to basic flight information. An improved AN/APG-68V radar was
introduced and GPS. An AN/ALE-47 chaff/flare dispenser was added, controlled
by the AN/ALR-56M Advanced Radar Warning System (which was also standard
on the Block 50/52 and later retrofitted to all US F-16C/Ds). Cockpits
were mostly black and the landing lights are moved from the main gear to
the inner nose wheel door.
plates on the Block 40/42 comprised two plates next to the tail base fronts
and 8 "finger" style plates on the upper mid fuselage section.
F-16D Block 40s as a specialised precision strike and suppression of enemy
air defence (SEAD) aircraft, with a weapon systems officer in the rear
seat. A long, box-shaped dorsal spine accommodated extra avionics, believed
to be an Elisra electronic warfare system. Additionally some of its two-seat
Block 30 aircraft have also received the modification, while all of the
F-16I were built with it as standard.
A similar external
modification was incorporated on some Singaporean F-16D Block 52s, and
the Chilean and Polish two-seaters.
50/52 F-16C/D were derived from the SEAD. Beginning 1993 the block 50D
and block 52D planes were delivered, also referred to as the F-16CJ / DJ
capable for Wild Weasel tasks. As delivered to the US Air Force they
did not have the LANTIRN capability and fitted with a lighter HUD, but
capable of carrying and firing the AGM-88 HARM. They introduced the AN/APG-68
(v) 5 radar with new capability. Also in the cockpit the pilot could use
night vision goggles. Block 50 got the F110-GE-129 and the block 52 got
the F100-PW-229 engine.
types were also capable of using the AN/ASQ213 HARM Targeting System pod
and able to fire AGM-84 Harpoon ASMs. While not a feature of US Block 50/52,
those ordered by overseas customers could be equipped to carry LANTIRN
to the Fort Worth production line, F-16C/D Block 50/52 aircraft have been
built in South Korea ("KF-16") and Turkey. Poland and Greece also now operate
the type but there are slight variations. Pakistan also has the type but
with French sensor pods.
some vents and chaff flare dispensers were standard as introduced on the
30 (see above).
upgraded about 650 F-16s to a common standard, and work commenced in September
Block 60 "Desert
Falcon" first flew end 2003 and was at that time the most advanced type.
Block 60 single- and two-seaters were designated as F-16E and F and based
on the F-16C/D Block 50 and 52. The Block 60 got a new engine, the F110-GE-132
and the conformal fuel tanks (CFT) can be installed on top of the mid-fuselage
adding around 375 Imp gal (1,705 lit) of extra fuel with little effect
on flying qualities.
It thus has
much larger take-off weights (so wider wheels and bulged main doors) and
include also new avionics and the Northrop Grumman AN/APG-80 Active Electronically
Scanned Array (AESA); this is an agile beam radar, providing a massive
leap in capability even when compared to the latest AN/APG-68(V)9. The
radar is mounted in a pitot tube-less radome, with three fuselage-mounted
pitots. The cooling system required by the radar is mounted in the enlarged
ventral tail fairing in the single-Beaters and the dorsal spine of two-seaters.
(The spine also houses the engine start controller, datalink radio, 'blackbox'
crash data recorder, electronic warfare receiver, aft transmitter and chaff/flare
Block 60 type
also has a Northrop Grumman AN/ASQ-28 Integrated FLIR and Targeting System
(IFTS). This IFTS consists of a FLIR mounted on the nose and a small targeting
pod attached on the port side of the inlet.
The pilot can
use night vision goggles and the cockpit has three large displays with
its main colours being black for night flying. The Falcon Edge electronic
warfare suite comprises onboard jammers and even a towed decoy.
version first flew October 2015 and and Singapore was the buyer of this
new version (along with later Block 52). It has a completely new SABR radar
set with the CAPES suite.
This is remotely
piloted unmanned F-16 obtained from spare stocks tested in 2013.
various F-16 blocks
production aircraft several different upgrade programs have been implemented
on existing F-16s, the most important being the Mid Life Update (MLU)
several phases and the Common Configuration Implementation Program (CCIP).
So existing airframes were upgraded and thus the small intake and engine.
1992 , the MLU upgrade was an European true multi-national program (EPAF)
intended to gave the type a true all weather and night capability. Many
of the older European F-16 aircraft using in NATO air forces (including
F-16A "block 15" KLu RNLAF planes) were updated. These European F-16A/Bs
including those of the RNeth AF (KLu) were redesignated as F-16AM/BM following
modification. The MLU was done in several phases from M1 to M5.
of the MLU involved the refurbishment of older F-16 Block 15s with a cockpit
similar to the Block 50/52, with an upgraded radar and capable for the
AIM-120AMRAAM. Update includes a new computer, a better radar (APG-66v2)
including multi-target locking; complete re-design of the cockpit main
instrument panels (a.o. new full-color MFDs and a larger HUD) and cockpit
colours are more black, with new style flight stick and two larger displays.
was also done with stiffening plates on most MLU upgrades that comprised
two plates next to the tail base fronts and 8 "finger" style plates on
the upper mid fuselage section (similar to the Block 40/42).
about 650 F-16s to a common standard, and work commenced in September 2001.
The other main parts of the airframe were unchanged so still the normal
intake, engine and original wheels. But the landing lights moved from the
main gear within a single unit to the nose gear door as night vision goggles
were often used as well.
In phase M3
(about 2004) are an advanced IFF system (the 4 antenna fairings
seen in front of the canopy; note that these may vary for other versions
where the fairings are on a "raised" panel like on Korean and Turkish F-16's).
Also an IDM Improved Data Modem, a DTS Digital Terrain System, and
capabilities for satellite navigation, Night Vision Goggles (and thus the
darker painted cockpit inside areas), FLIR (forward-looking
infrared), all-weather defence and bombing (including full IFR and night
capabilities), BVR Beyond Visual range:air combat (AIM-120 AMRAAM), approaching
missile detection, anti-radiation, and laser targeting for high-accuracy
bombing. The MARS (medium altitude recon system) was also introduced. Also
the Pratt and Whitney engines were upgraded to PW220 standard.
MLU phase M4
(around 2006) introduced a new computer with better software that enables
latest generation AIM-9X and IRIS-T missiles to be fired. Phase M5 of 2009
introduced a better precision navigation system and better capabilities
for weapons like the GBU-49.
Also in 2009
the MARS can be replaced by the Recce-Lite (RL) recon system with infrared
sensors. The pilot also received the JHMCS (joint helmet mounted cueing
system) that projects information on a helmet screen for the pilot.
MLU M6 started
2012 will introduce a better IFF.
options are upgrades to Block 50+/52+. Customers can choose their own configuration
depending on their requirements, resulting in considerable differences
between aircraft built for different countries. Greece's Peace Xenia IV
aircraft incorporate around a 30% structural change from the original US
Air Force Block 50/52 examples, while the Israeli F-161s have a similar
percentage difference from the Greek aircraft, as they are optimised for
the long-range strike role with enlarged spines. Both have CFTs and modular
mission computers. but probably the greatest advance came in the form of
the radar, the AN/APG-68(v)9. Other options for Block 50+/52+ include
helmet-mounted cueing systems, conformal fuel tanks, large 500 Imp gal
(2,270 lit) external tanks, and various new capabilities.
The F-16I nicknamed
"Sufa" (Storm) is manufactured by "Lockheed Martin" and equipped with a
Pratt and Whitney F100-PW-229 (IPE) engine. Numerous modifications were
made with advanced systems developed in Israel according to the IAF's specifications
by the country's defense industries. SUFA (Hebrew for "storm") is based
on current Block 50/52 production aircraft. The F-16I
has a 23,600-kilogram take-off weight, considerably more than the earlier
F-16s in IAF service, and is armed with the AMRAAM air-to-air missile.
The SUFA has several features like:
Fuel Tanks (CFT) manufactured by the "Israel Aircraft Industries"
and which increase amount of internal fuel by 50%. The tanks are installed
one the plane's upper fuselage and conform to it's figure.
Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that enables the tracking of ground targets
day or night, at any type of weather.
cockpit is for the pilot and the rear cockpit is configured for the weapons
systems operator or, with the change of a single switch, for a pilot instructor.
System are a wide angle head up display from Elop and high definition (120ppi)
4in x 4in colour multi-function displays supplied by Astronautics CA of
Petah Tikva, Israel. Other new features include a colour moving map display,
digital video recording equipment, cockpit lighting and external strip
lighting compatible with night vision goggles and a high capacity data
transfer set. A Helmet Mounted Cueing System of Israeli design is extra
to the goggles which F-16I pilots and navigators wear.
- Dorsal spine
Avionics Compartment aft of the canopy with advanced electronic warfare
systems developed in Israel. These systems are improved models based on
those installed in the F-15I. The aircraft features advanced Israeli communication
systems as well.
- larger 600-gallon
wing tanks improving the aircraft's range and persistence. The tanks are
mounted on unejectable supports (which looks a bit odd).
communication of Elta and Rafael, including a UHF radio with new encoding
methods and long distance relay capabilities.
to use special weapons like the Python missile and equipment like the Litening
II pod. This is a targeting and navigation pod that presents pilots with
real-time, Forward Looking Infra-Red (FLIR) and Charge Coupled Device (CCD)
imagery. LANTIRN pod can also be used.
The F-16I SUFA
made its maiden flight in December 2003 with first aircraft delivered to
the IAF at the Ramon Air Base, in February 2004. Final delivery (manufactured
by Lockheed at Forth Worth USA) of about 100 aircraft to the IAF was in
the 4,500 F-16 'th was delivered (being a Moroccan F-16C Block 52). The
F-16 has been delivered to dozens of countries and large numbers are still
operated. In the NATO countries many of the F-16's will be replaced by
the Lockheed F-35 JSF starting in 2018.
of advanced F-16's continue, though at a limited pace...
See also the
below for more actual real plane F-16 data....
F-16 kits in
1/32 scale discussed here are:
kits (checkout out here...) including Venezuelan
kit (see below or go direct to modelling
F-16CG kit (see below or go direct to modelling
F-16I SUFA two seater (checkout here)
conversion into a F-16B KLu ORANGE JUMPER build...
check here for an interesting conversion
into a Japanese F-2...
- Tips for
converting the Tamiya Thunderbird into a F-16A
- modelling a F-16C
Thunderbirds using the Hasegawa kit
Check out 1/72
scale F-16 kits here ...
F-16CJ Fighting falcon
Kit number # 60315
F-16CG /CJ Fighting Falcon
Kit number # 12101
|About EURO 135,-
in the Netherlands; issued as kit December 2004
||about 80 EURO !!
( 40% lower than Tamiya kit)
model is a F-16CJ (Block 50 D) and has the big mouth intake for the later
F110 engine. These were used on later F-16 types such as the later made
tamiya was first with issuing a Big
Mouth kit, but Academy also has it now as option in their kit. Other
correctly included parts are the thinker wheels and bulged main doors.
Other details are the thick base vertical tail. It still is a single seater
F-16 however. I discovered that the IFF panel as found on the MLU upgraded
Falcons is included as part # 17.
|Several block versions
can be made of this kit: Block 40 or 42 F-16CG or Block 50/52 F-16CJ.
Small or Big Mouth intake!;
2 types of engine fans (F100
and PW 100) and 2 types of exhausts. Several smaller parts can be
found in this kit for the different blocks and countries that used the
F-16: parachute tail fairing, IFF antennas (as found on MLU upgraded F-16's),
2 types of HUDs .
[ Note: you get a "thick" base vertical
tail and also one set of main tyres and gear so if you want to make earlier
F-16's blocks, you will need some cross kitting with some parts from the
Hasegawa 1/32 kit #S27 ].
booklet but as usual bit crowded Tamiya style. 65 steps with only Tamiya
Paint color number and paint names.
||Fine, with 35 steps.
Comparable to the F-18 style instructions, with FS number but no paint
box is really full with about 350 parts, most of them in lightgrey/white
plastic: 185 parts for the F-16, 25 for the separate F110 engine,
engine dolly 25, 100 for the stores and tanks, 15 parts transparent parts.
All is very nicely packed in separate bags and boxes. Parts have very fine
engraved paneling and some raised details as required.
Also a number of metal parts are supplied
for the undercarriage legs and some etched metal for chaff dispensers.
Two canopies are supplied, plain glass and gold tinted glass. There is
also a painting mask for the canopy, a set of rubber tyres (no plastic
ones being supplied). The kit is also supplied with small screws and a
screwdriver to get some more strength in areas. A small sheet of remove-before-flight
tags and a metal insert for the nose weight. A nice colour poster with
paint schemes and photos completes this kit.
already been re-organized/handled in pics below]
full with about 370 parts in dark grey plastic: 200 for the F-16,
150 for the stores, 20 others. No metal parts are supplied as Academy thinks
this is not needed for the relatively small 1/32 kit. To save costs they
also did not supply you with etched metal or any other gimmicks, but the
plastic parts are just as detailed. And you indeed get two canopies with
plain glass or gold tinted glass. Tyres are of plastic which I think is
All plastic has finely engraved details
which is quite comparable to the Tamiya kit. However, strangely enough
you will need to remove very subtle flash with a modelling knife in areas
and need to polish the surface in areas. But nothing that can not be done
with a little effort.
don't only get a F-16 model, you also get a separate F110 engine with an
engine dolly. The engine can be installed and removed from the rear fuselage
for which a detailed bay is provided with this kit.
A good number of external stores
are supplied, such as: AMRAAM 120B/C , AIM-9M , a ASQ-213 HARM target pod,
AGM-88 HARM missile, ALQ-184 ECM pod, GBU-31J, and two tanks of 300 and
one of 370 gallons.
For the parts rubber/nylon parts are
supplied that enable you to keep them removable and changeable. The same
is done for the vertical tail and instrument cover. The idea is that you
can remove these parts for transporting the model in its own box after
finishing it. For that purpose you get a carton insert box with the kit.
you get an excellent F-16 model, not more not less. But 2 pilots and 1
crew member is an extra bonus. And you get much more, read this:
- Stores are superior!
Very good quality and includes more
than with the Tamiya kit: AIM-9L/M, AIM-9X, AIM-120B/C, AGM-88 HARM, GBU-31
Also Paveways and TERs on the GBU-12;
2x 370 gallon tanks and 1x300 centerline fuel tank; ALQ-184 ECM and 2x
HTS pod; LANTIRN pod; ALE-50 Fiber-Optic Towed Decoy. ASPJ antenna
fairings on the intake.
For the ROKAF a specific IFF type
antenna panel is supplied. It seems a bit strange on the box picture but
is correct. Parts do not seem so complicated as with the Tamiya kit but
the end result is just as good.
- Surface detailing very good
- Cockpit: fine but small obviously.
Raised instrument details, detailed sidewalls. Glass CRT screens and separate
instrumentcover with HUD. ACES II ejection seat is removable and quite
good. Separate belts supplied. Good pilot figure and a ladder is
also supplied. Very good cockpit edge locking details. The rear cover behind
the seat (in front of the canopy actuator) is I feel is a bit too wide
(about 2 mm);
- Wing: separate leading edge slat
and trailing edge flaps. One single part of upper fuselage and wing, which
guarantees correct dihedral and no seams. Later style F-16 RWR receivers
on leading edge and metal static dischargers.
- Radar nose and radar is also supplied
with very fine etched metal antenna.
- Canon: also added but no ammo drum.
- Air brakes can be set in open position.
- Engraved paneling is a little less
"busy" as compared to the Tamiya kit but the end result is just as good.
- Cockpit is fine with no gimmicks
such as removable seat rails. Looks fine. ACES II seat is OK but straps
are moulded on (Remove these and make separate straps). 2 types of
HUDs for the F-16CG/CJ and ROKAF. Ladder supplied with 2 pilot figures.
Cockpit edge locking details are missing (add these from some stretched
sprue and rod).
The sidepanels' recesses should be
a bit deeper.
The rear cover behind the seat (in
front of the canopy actuator) is I feel not wide enough (about 2 mm);
- Wing: has only separate trailing
edge flaps and 2 wing halves should be aligned and glued to the center
wing section. Later style F-16 RWR receivers on leading edge and
plastic static dischargers which are separate parts.
- Radar nose and radar is also supplied
but with plastic parts. Requires some added details.
- Canon: also added and including
the ammo drum. Removable panels.
- Air brakes can be set in open position.
kit has 4 versions; decals are a bit thick but have good coloring and markings.
Only USAF versions:
(1) 20 FW, SW Shaw AFB, USAF SerNo
91-0379, Block 50D, Tiger Meet of the Americas 2001 /
(2) 77 FS, 20 FW, SW Shaw AFB, USAF
SerNo 91-0348, Block 50D /
(3) 13 FS, 35 FW, MJ Misawa Japan,
USAF SerNo 91-0399, Block 50D /
(4) 14 FS, 35 FW, MJ Misawa Japan,
USAF SerNo 92-3886, Block 50P ;
KIT has 6 versions: 5 for USAF and 1 ROKAF of Korea;
(1) F-16CG Block 40, 89-2013, 8 FW,
Kunsan AB, South Korea, Sep 2004 ;
(2) F-16CG Block 40, 89-2003, 35
FS/8 FW Kunsan AB, South Korea, Aug 2004;
(3) F-16CG Block 40, 89-2020, 51
FW, Osan AB, South Korea, Sep 2004 ;
(4) F-16CJ Block 50, 92-3895,
5 AF (35 FW), Misawa AB, Japan, Feb 2005 ;
(5) F-16CJ Block 50, 92-3901, 35
FW, Misawa AB, Japan, Sep 2004 ;
(6) KF-16C Block 52, 93-4067, Han-guk
Kong Goon, RoKAF ; this has a "F-15" type scheme with Dark Ghost Gray and
Light Ghost Gray.
Very good set decals for the stores!
The vertical tail can be kept detachable, when fixed the very small seam
needs minimal filling.
- The engine can be set separate
on its nice engine dolly, but you will need another exhaust pipe section
which I took from another F-16 kit such as the one of Revell or Hasegawa.
(note: the loose engine is a bit thin, otherwise it would not fit into
the rear fuselage. But this can hardly be seen I think).
- the aft lower rear fuselage cross
section shape at the engine bay is not entirely correct; it seems some
compromise was needed here as the engine and sub-parts are removable
- the engine dolly is a model on
its won and needs carefully aligning of the parts.
- carefully assemble the big mouth
intake, fill the seam.
- stores are fine, missile fins are
thin enough for me.
- wheel bays need some extra piping
- some very small ejection pin marks
can be found on the inner air brakes. Remove these.
- overall fit is excellent!
Main bay with some added tubing from
scratch , sprue etc
this kit builds into a fine F-16. You get a choice here with several blocks
and big or small intakes and the corresponding 2 types of engine exhausts.
With some cross kitting with for example
the (now obsolete) Hasegawa kit, older blocks can be made. Many older block
aircraft have thin wheels and no bulged but straight main gear doors and
these are found in the older F-16 kits on 1/32 scale.
- Wheel bays cry for some added piping
- Carefully align the winghalves
to correct dihedral
- Stabilizers alignment is also important,
check their dihedral.
- Vertical tail base is a bit squared
in shape. It can be sanded smooth though for a better look.
- Stores are very good; carefully
select which ones you need, this will save a lot of time.
2 types of HUD ; their shape is a
bit odd but can be corrected.
2 Engine exhausts
"para tail choice"
very nice state of the art Tamiya model of unseen quality. But this comes
at a high price. I liked the engine and its dolly, but the aft lower fuselage
cross-section is not entirely correct.
Some extras were not really needed
such as the nylon parts for removable parts or the transport facility.
The kit would than have been cheaper.
Recommended if you want to afford
Tamiya issued an older style F-16C Block 32 in the Thunderbirds scheme.
It has the smaller intake and a "thick base" vertical tail of the "C".
The model does not have the internal engine and engine bay.
tips for converting the Tamiya Thunderbird into
Academy kit looks a bit "simpler" than the Tamiya kit but the end result
is just as impressive. You can make more choices and the stores are very
This kit is
about 40% cheaper and immediately makes the Hasegawa kits obsolete as these
are not much cheaper.
on the small
intake: on the Academy kit the distance between the intake and the lower
fuselage is too small. The RAM intake and duct are barely visible. Some
modification may be needed here.
|ON TO MODELLING
REPORT OF THE
|ON TO MODELLING
REPORT OF THE
ON TO MODELLING
REPORT OF THE
conversion to F-16B
ON TO MODELLING
REPORT OF THE
F-16I SUFA KIT....
THE HASEGAWA KITS HERE.......
to 1/32 models
More than 30 pages with over 30,000
words and 700 images